Malaysia comprises Peninsular Malaysia and the state of Sabah & Sarawak in Borneo.


Location Lying 2 to 7 degrees north oft the Equator, Peninsular
Malaysia is separated from Sabah and Sarawak by the South
China Sea. The Peninsular shares a common border with
Thailand in the north, while its southern neighbor is Singapore.
Sabah and Sarawak share a common border with Indonesia
while Sarawak also share a border with Brunei Darussalam.


329,758 sq km


25 million


Kuala Lumpur (KL)


Malays make up about 57% of the population, with Chinese,
Indians and others ethnic groups making up the rest.


Bahasa Malayu (Malay) is the national language but English is
widely spoken. Malaysians also speak various languages
and dialects.


Islam is the official religion but all others religions are
practiced freely.


A Parliamentary democracy with a bicameral legislative system, with the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong as head of State and the Prime Minister as Head of Government.


Climate Malaysia has a warm tropical climate. Temperatures range from 21˚C to 32˚C. Annual
rainfall varies from 2,000mm to 2,500.00mm.

History and Culture

In additional to the local Malays and others ethnic groups, immigrants from China, India, Indonesia and others parts of the world have contributed to Malaysia’s multiracial composition. Its interesting cultural diversity is largely the result of the countries by the Portuguese, Dutch and British. Its evolution into a cultural melting pot is evident in the unique bled of cultures, social-cultural activities, traditions, language and food. The country achieved independence on 31st August 1957 as the Federation of Malaya. Malaysia was formed with the entry of Sabah & Sarawak.

Entry Requirements

Visitors must be in possession of a valid passport or travel document with a minimum validity of six months beyond the intended visiting period. Citizens of most countries do not require visas or call the nearest Malaysian diplomatic mission or Tourism Malaysia office.


The unit of currency is the Malaysia Ringgit, which is denoted as RM. Foreign currencies can be converted at bank or Tourism Malaysia office.

Banking Hours

Most state: Mondays – Thursdays: 9.15am – 4.30pm, Fridays: 9.15am – 4.00pm, Saturdays: 11.00pm – 12.00pm (major branches only) Sundays: Closed. Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu: Sundays – Wednesdays: 9.15am – 4.30pm, Thursdays: 9.15am – 4.00pm, Fridays: Closed.

Post Offices

Open daily from 8.00am to 5.00pm except on Sundays and public holidays. In Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu post officers are closed on Fridays and public holidays.


Eight hours ahead of GMT and 16 hours ahead of U.S. Pacific Standard Time.


Voltage is 220 – 240 volts AC at 50Hz cycles per second.

Measurement System

Malaysia uses the metric system


Local call can be hand phones, public phones using coins and prepaid cards. International calls can be made from hand phone, public phones with phone card facilities or at any Telekom Malaysia Office.

Do’s And Don’ts

When visiting Malaysia, the visitor is advised to obverse local customs and practices. Some common courtesies and customs are as follows:

• Its is polite to call before visiting a home
• Shoes must always be removed when entering a Malaysia Home
• Drinks and light refreshment are generally offered to guests. It would be polite to accept
• The right hand is always used when eating with one’s hand or when giving and receiving objects.
• The right forefinger is not used to paint at places, objects or persons, the thumb of the right hand, with the four fingers folded, is the preferred way.
• When entering places of worship such as mosques and temples, shoes should be removed. Most mosques provided robes and scarves for female visitor. Taking photograph at places of worship is usually permitted but always asks for permission first.
• The country’s large Muslim population does not drink liquor or alcoholic beverages.



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